Tigress in the woodworking stage helps you check t

2022-07-22
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Wood is the most used material in our decoration materials, such as doors, cabinets, wardrobes, beds, etc. Thus, the selection of plates is also very important. As a decorator, Tigress wants to help you sort out the selection of plates and the calculation of prices! The police were fooled

board

1. Blockboard "big core board": it has good moisture-proof effect and cannot be painted directly

the middle of blockboard is a core made of natural wood strips bonded, and both sides are bonded with a very thin wooden skin. As the name suggests, big core board is one of the most important materials in decoration. It can be used for furniture, wood clad doors, door jambs, heating hoods, curtain boxes, etc. its waterproof and moisture-proof performance is better than that of particleboard and medium density board

when selecting its internal wood, it should not be too broken. Blockboard with a gap of about 3mm between the wood is appropriate. Because the exposed wood grain on the surface is not beautiful, it is rarely painted directly, and the decorative plywood is usually pasted. Furniture and other woodwork made of large core board need to go through two processes: gluing board and painting, and the cost is higher. The thickness of standard Blockboard is 18 cm, but manufacturers like to make an issue of negative tolerance. If the standard thickness specification is 18mm, the manufacturer will never achieve 18.1mm. There are only a little more than 15% in the market. At present, BLOCKBOARDS with a thickness of more than 17.5mm and a price of more than 120 in the market should basically meet the E1 standard

many consumers choose Blockboard only based on the price. It is recommended to use Blockboard with less than 100 yuan with caution. The price of blockboard depends on the thickness of the board, the material of the board core, the size of the seam between the wood, the quality of glue, the surface flatness and other factors

2. Solid wood board

solid wood board is made of complete wood. These plates are strong and durable, with natural lines, and are the best choice in decoration. However, due to the high cost of this kind of plate, it is mainly used to make column decoration

3. Multilayer plywood

plywood, also known as plywood, commonly known as thin core board in the industry. It is made of three or more layers of one millimeter thick veneer or sheet adhesive by hot pressing. Plywood is generally divided into six specifications: 3 cm plate, 5 cm plate, 9 cm plate, 12 cm plate, 15 cm plate and 18 cm plate (1 cm is 1mm). For example, many companies use 9cm board for cabinet backplane. The tree species used in the board are also different, and the price is also different

4. Decorative panel

decorative panel, commonly known as panel. It is a decorative board with single-sided decorative effect, which is made by accurately planing the solid wood board into thin veneers with a thickness of about 0.2mm and taking the plywood as the base material through the adhesive process. It is a special way for plywood to exist. The standard thickness is 3 cm. In fact, the decorative panels on the market are only 2.5-2.6mm good. Decorative panel is a kind of advanced decoration material which is different from oil mixing at present. The price difference of decorative panels is also relatively large, the cheaper 30— 40 yuan/piece, good more than 100 yuan. In the Shanghai market, I saw only two kinds of plates that dared to stick the E1 logo on the board, including Bunny and Sanli stone, but the price is indeed not low

5. Melamine particleboard

particleboard is a thin board made of wood chips as the main raw material, plus glue and additives. The upper and lower surface of the plate is a melamine layer. The disadvantages of particleboard are: extremely poor strength. Generally, it is not suitable for making large furniture or furniture with mechanical requirements. Because the base of particleboard is made of wood granular debris, it is very easy to burst the edges when sawing the board at the home decoration site, which affects the appearance, so this kind of board is rarely used as the cabinet at the site

6. Melamine density board

density board, also known as fiberboard. The upper and lower surface of the board is a melamine layer, which is a man-made board made of wood fiber or other plant fiber with urea formaldehyde resin or other applicable adhesives. According to its density, it is divided into high-density board, medium density board and low-density board. Due to its soft quality and impact resistance, MDF is also easy to reprocess. In foreign countries, density board is a good material for making furniture, but because the national standard for height board is several times lower than the international standard, the use quality of density board in China needs to be improved. I have been disapproving of using this kind of material as the cabinet base in home decoration since I started my career. Some owners claimed to buy high-density boards. I told him that there were few high-density boards on the free market in Shanghai, most of which were medium density boards

7. Fireproof board

fireproof board is a decorative board made of silicon material or calcium material as the main raw material, mixed with a certain proportion of fiber materials, lightweight aggregates, adhesives and chemical additives, and autoclaved. It is a new type of material used more and more at present, and its use is not only due to fire prevention factors. The construction of fire-proof board has high requirements for gluing. The price of fire-proof board with good quality is higher than that of decorative panel. ABC brand will not be less than 135 yuan/piece. The thickness of fireproof board is generally 0.8mm, 1mm and 1.2mm. This kind of board is mainly used in the surface decoration of cabinets, desktops, etc

let's talk about a case:

last year or this year, a netizen told her on the Internet that he wanted to buy Teak decorative panels to clear the bags. The foreman told her that a certain plate in the nine star market was good. He had a fight with that material supplier before to buy materials for the owner, so you went there yourself. On the second day, the owner's kind mother went to the house and bought back about 30 teak decorative panels at 136 yuan each... Everyone in the industry knows the price of plates. The owner paid at least 1500 yuan more for the teak veneer, and this part of the money was divided between two people

it is not recommended that you buy materials in such markets by yourself. Reasons:

1. Businesses do your business once and don't ask for turning back; Do n times of business in decoration company, hoping for a long time; Individuals will never bargain in such a market

2. you don't understand materials. The decoration company is an expert. Even at the same price, the quality of the materials you get will be at least one grade lower than that purchased by the decoration company

3. The price difference obtained by the decoration company from long-term batch supply is not extra deducted from the owner, but from the merchant

4. The cost of individual purchase is always greater than that of batch purchase

5. Many materials are difficult to distinguish between true and false, even the veterans of the decoration company. Can you become proficient after diving for 2 months

the shoe cabinet in the porch

usually has a height of less than one meter and a width of less than 1.2m, with two layers of boards and a side cabinet built in. The base of the cabinet is calculated as blockboard, which requires two BLOCKBOARDS and a decorative panel, half a barrel of glue, as well as door handles, hinges, nails, etc. Plate 325 yuan, hardware and other dressings 85 yuan, labor costs 2 workers 160 yuan should be

material calculation (according to the material configuration with standard quality):

2 BLOCKBOARDS, unit price 120 yuan/piece

1 decorative panel, unit price 85 yuan/piece (rabbit baby natural black walnut decorative panel)

glue: half a barrel, unit price 80 yuan/barrel

handles: 3, unit price 5 yuan/piece

hinges: 3 pairs, unit price 8 yuan/pay

labor: 2, The unit price is 80 yuan/piece

the total price is 570 yuan

this is calculated according to the cabinet of 1.2 square meters. If the area is 1 square meter, the cost is still these. I just list the approximate cost here. If the decoration company has 10% profit, the total price of this shoe cabinet is 630 yuan, which is reasonable, of course, does not include the part of the porch and paint

let's calculate again:

2 BLOCKBOARDS, unit price 80 yuan/piece

1 decorative panel, unit price 35 yuan/piece (artificial black walnut decorative panel)

glue: half a barrel, unit price 30 yuan/barrel

handles: 3, unit price 2 yuan/piece

hinges: 3 pairs, unit price 3 yuan/piece

labor: 2, unit price 60 yuan/piece

total price: 345 Yuan

the cost of the former is 570 yuan, and the quotation is 630 yuan, Profit 10% ==60 yuan

the cost of the latter is 345 yuan, the quotation is 448.5 yuan, and the profit is 30%==103.5 yuan

as mentioned before: high quotation, low profit, low quotation and high profit. So now the guerrilla paratroopers are " Cow " I have to ask for half a bag, but I won't accept it

there are many customers who just look for someone with a low quotation. They don't know that they have suffered a great loss, so they can only express their deep sympathy and regret to them. The blockboard and glue used in the latter will seriously exceed the standard of formaldehyde, and the material quality will not last long. The reason why regular companies that want to develop will not reduce prices is that each company has its own standards for material configuration. If it wants to have less complaints and long-term development, it will adhere to its own material quality. This is responsible for others and yourself

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